# Counting on from 10

In this section we revise numbers 1 to 10 and then move on to counting to twenty, getting plenty of practice with grouping "10" in the process. We learn techniques to count quickly, easily and accurately beyond 10, to 20.

## Techniques

One of the aims of early counting practice is that children will begin to "subitise", or recognise numbers of objects quickly without having to count them. If a child sees a grouping of objects, for example on the face of dice they will be able to recognise the number of dots as as 2, 4 and 6 without having to count them. That is one reason that ten frames and ten towers are so useful when teaching early numbers; they allow children to visualise and group numbers.

Obviously, for numbers above 10 this starts to get more difficult. So one of the best ways to start the process is to show children that collecting the first 10 objects together and then counting on from 10 makes the process easier. Understanding this process will also help with addition and place value in the future. If your child grasps this quickly you might also begin to introduce other techniques for grouping as you count - counting in twos, for example.

• Sometimes objects will be arranged in a pattern or array that makes counting on from 10 easier. For example, if objects are arranged in rows of 5 or 10, children will quickly be able to recognise 10 + the remainder.
• More random groups of objects can be "looped" together into 5's or 10's for the same reason.

## Important!

By learning to "count on from 10", children will already be beginning to grasp the concept that "eleven" is 10 + 1 and that we write it as 11, "twelve" is 10 + 2 and that we write it as 12, and so on. This is the beginning of place value, and it is important to give them as much practice as possible with this as it will help with many other maths skills in the future. Use our 10 Frame Posters 11 to 20 or our Numbers to 20 Frames and Numbers to 20 Towers to reinforce this, with lots of hands-on practice. Understanding the numbers is just as important at this stage as recognising and learning to write the numbers.

## Hands-On Ideas

• Jumbled or not. Grab a group of 13 small objects of counters and put them in a heap or a jumble on the table in front of your child, and ask them to count them. They will probably need to move them one by one as they count. Now find another set of 13 objects and lay them out carefully two by two until you have 10, putting the remainder slightly to the side. Point out that you have 10 and then count on 11, 12, 13. Repeat the exercise a few times with different numbers and then ask your child which group is easier to count.
• Ten frames. Give your child 2 ten frames or ten towers side by side - or use our Numbers to 20 Frames and Towers in the resources section below. Now give your child more than 10 small objects and ask them if they can find a way to make counting them easier using the frames or towers to help. You might have to prompt them to fill one of the frames / towers completely first, then the second.
• Snap cubes. Give children more than 10 snap cubes and ask them to make first a tower of 10, then count on to find out the total.
• Looping. Draw more than 10 dots, crosses or other pictures semi-randomly on a piece of paper and ask your child if they can "loop" 10 together with a pen or crayon. Then ask how many there are in total, reminding them how to count on from 10 if necessary.
• Counting in twos. Give your child more than 10 small objects. Now arrange them on two ten frames or just carefully in pairs in a pattern. Count them in twos until you get to 10 ... 2, 4, 6, 8, 10. Now count on 11, 12, 13 and so on. We will do more counting in twos at a later stage.

## Useful Resources

• 20 each of at least 2 different sets of small objects are useful - counters in two different colours, for example.
• Ten Frames or Ten Towers for sorting work, or our Counting On From 10 Frames and Counting On From 10 Towers (below) which provide 2 frames or towers side by side, perfect for counting on from 10.
• Pens and paper for looping practice.
• Our Ten Frame Posters below show numbers 11 to 20 broken down into 10 + the second number on ten frames and are useful for display. You could also use them as mats and ask children to count out counters or other small objects, placing them over the counters on the printable.
• Our Counting On From 10 Worksheets sets 1 and 2 below provide plenty of practice with ten frames.
• Our colourful Loop 10 and Count Worksheets provide fun practice with more random arrays of objects.

## Count on from 10 Worksheets Set 1

This colourful set of worksheets encourages children to count on from 10 by providing a set of 10 pictures or counters on a ten frame, and then some more..

## Count on from 10 Worksheets set 2

These worksheets are a little different from our first set although they look similar. On this set of 4 (available in US versions too) we ask children to colour in the extra counters needed to make the number in the box.

## Count on from 10 Worksheets Set 3

Our third set of "count on from 10" worksheets sticks with the 10 frame + more format, but this time asks children to fill in the missing numbers of an addition sum underneath the illustration.

## Counting Cubes Towers of Ten

When you need a manipulative but don't have any to hand, these "paper" versions might be useful - and they are also great for cutting and pasting onto home-made posters and displays.

## Loop 10 and Count Worksheets Set 1

These fun worksheets present a collection of colourful objects in various arrays. We ask the kids to loop 10 of them together, then count on to find the total. There are 4 in the set, and they come in UK and US versions.

## Mix and Match Counting Mouse Cards 11 to 20

Count the cute mice on this set of mix and match cards. We've arranged them in rows of 5 to help children count them more easily. Show them that the first two rows of mice make "ten" and then count on from there.

## Mix and Match Counting Puppy Cards 11 to 20

Count the puppies and match them up with other cards in our mix and match collection! We've arranged the puppies in random patterns on these cards so the kids might like to try looping them together in 5's or 10's to make counting them easier.

## Mix and Match Number Dots Cards 11 to 20 Set 2

Here are some challenging dot cards for the numbers 11 to 20, part of our mix and match set. If you laminate the cards after cutting them out, your children can use a dry wipe pen to "loop" the dots in groups of 5 or 10 to make them easier to count.

## Mix and Match Number Dots Cards 11 to 20 Set 3

Challenge the kids to count the dots on this colourful set of mix and match cards. The dots come in random patterns, sizes and colours to make it a bit tricky!

## Numbers to 20 Frames

Print out these frames, laminate them if you wish, and use them with counters or other small objects for learning to count on from 10, addition within 20, subtraction within 20 etc.

## Numbers to 20 Towers

Each of this printable provides two useful double-sets of ten towers, perfect for learning to count on from 10 to 20, addition within 20 and so on. They come in a variety of colours and we've included 3 sets of 20 counters too.

## Ten Frame Posters 11 to 20

Use this set of 10 printables as individual posters, or line them up as a frieze or banner. Alternatively, laminate them and use them as mats in the classroom, to help children visualise and understand how the numbers are made up of 10 plus another number.

## Next Steps

Number Words to 20

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